Archery Sights and Scopes
When choosing an archery sight, make sure you consider the type of archery activities you plan on participating in. This will help you determine the type of sight need. Don't buy an expensive target sight if you only plan to bowhunt.
Archery does not actually require a sight. Many people shoot instinctive meaning they use no sight at all. This is the same method as throwing a baseball. You don't really aim it, you just throw it. After countless repetitions, you know how to adjust it to get it hit where you want it. Try this only if you a have a tremendous amount of time to practice.
Most people use a sight of some sort. Archery equipment is not as fast as a rifle. You need multiple aiming points for different distances. This is because the arrow arcs during flight. You have to aim higher to get it to fly farther. These aiming points are usually called pins. Each pin is set for a different distance and can be a different color. For example, the top pin may be yellow and is your 20 yard pin. The second could be red and is a 30 yard pin and so on. You use the correct pin for the distance you are shooting.
The latest trend if bow hunting sights is fiber optics. The fiber optics are used for the aiming device. These fiber optics draw in light and make a reference point that appears to have been lit by a battery. The longer the fiber the brighter the pin.
There are many styles of bow hunting sights. The tradition for the longest time was a square pin guard with pins attached on the side of the guard. Now we have the vertical pin method where all pins come from the bottom of the guard. In theory this offers a greater view of the target. Another trend is the moveable single pin sight. This has an adjuster on it that you can move depending on how far you are shooting. There are also pendulum sights that are used for treestand hunting. This sight automatically compensates for you. After properly setup, you just aim and shoot. Some pendulum sights work better than others and some require fast bow speeds. Do your homework if you plan to buy a pendulum, but don't get me wrong, they work.
Pin guards have also changed. Since many people use a peep sight on their bow that is round, the pin guard is now also round. This makes it very easy to line up the pin guard inside the peep. The mind will automatically do this for you. This will make you more accurate.
Many target archers are also hunters. They may choose a fancy hunting sight to use for both purposes. High end hunting sights have come along way. They have 2nd and 3rd axis adjustments, bubble levels, fiber optics and individually adjustable and/or gang adjustable pins. Some even have magnification lens that you can add.
A lot of true target shooters will usually go for moveable single pin or scope sight. Some examples are the Sure-loc Supreme sights, CBE Custom Bow Equipment sights, Truball Axcel and many others. These sights allow you to precisely set a specific yardage to shoot. So on a field course if you are shooting 43 yards, you dial the sight to 43 yards and shoot. With a hunting sight and pin set for 40 yards, you would have to aim above the bullseye to hit it. On these types of sights, you will usually see a scope added that will have different magnifications depending on shooter preference and type of target shooting they are doing.
Indoor 300 shooters may shoot a 6x or 8x magnified scope. 3D Archery shooters may shoot a 3x or 4x scope and Field and Fita shooters can may be 3x-8x.
These scopes also have different aiming dot options. There are fiber optics just like the bowhunting sights, stick on dots, stick on rings, and much more.
In Scopes, the lens is everything. This is where the cost comes from. You will find scopes that are $100 and scopes that are $350. Usually the better the lens the higher the cost. I'm not saying you have to spend $350 to get a good scope. Just realize there is a difference between a scope that cost $100 and one that costs $350.
If your scope has a 2x or 3x lens in it, you will most likely NOT need a clarifier. What is a Clarifier? A Clarifier is a peep with a lens in it. They normally sell the peep housing that is threaded to accept a screw in clarifier. Clarifiers are available in various diameters and various powers. Now the diameter size is selected to allow your scope housing to fit nicely inside the peep when you are aiming it. This allows you to make sure you are perfectly centered when shooting.
Now the Clarifier power is where it gets a bit tricky. As I said before 2x or 3x may not need one. Usually at 4x you will need a #1 Clarifier . If your scope has a 6x lens, you will need a #2 Clarifier and if you have an 8x or 10x lens, you will need a #3 Clarifier. Now this a general rule but depending on your eye sight, this may vary. You might find a #2 works for you with a 4x lens. So some trial and error is required. Most high end pro shops will have a display jig so you can test this yourself with your own eyes. Now don't forget, you will need a peep that accepts the screw in apertures in order for this to work. Here's an example.
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